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Diabetes occurs when blood glucose or blood sugar level in your body is very high. Blood glucose is the main type of sugar found in the blood and known as the body cells main energy source for working muscles, help brain and nervous system functioning. Glucose comes from the food we eat, or in the body resulting from liver and muscle.
In your body between the stomach and the spine, there is an organ called the pancreas that produce the insulin hormone and release it into the bloodstream. Main function of insulin is to helps your body turn blood sugar (glucose) into energy. It also helps your body store it in your muscles, fat cells, and liver to use that later, when your body needs it.
Sometimes the body can’t make enough insulin or the insulin doesn’t work as it should. Then glucose stays in the blood and cannot reach the body cells. It causes blood glucose levels rise high that make you into prediabetes condition or diabetes disorder.
There were several types of diabetes, but before discussing the types of diabetes, it’s good for us to know first with prediabetes stage condition. Prediabetes is when the amount of glucose in the blood above normal BUT still have not reached the level to be called diabetes. When someone is experiencing the condition of prediabetes, he or she would be easily to get type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. By doing weight loss proportionally accompanied by control physical activity could prevent the possibility of the occurrence of type 2 diabetes.
These are three most common types of diabetes :
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes type 1 or Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, also known as Juvenile Diabetes. Although this type of diabetes occurs during childhood or adolescence, it can happen in adults. In type 1 diabetes, pancreas does not produce or just little insulin because the body’s immune system destroys beta cells in the pancreas that produce insulin, also called autoimmune reaction.
Because cannot produce insulin in the body, type 1 diabetics depend on injected insulin.
Besides injected insulin, treatment / therapy should be done by type 1 diabetics include:
1. Consume medicines for life
2. Do the selection of healthy foods / strict diet
3. Implement adequate physical activities
4. Maintain blood pressure, because blood pressure affects the rate of blood circulation throughout the blood vessels.
5. Keep your cholesterol level especially LDL (low density lipoprotein) cholesterol or is usually called “bad cholesterol”. Called bad because causes plaques in the artery blood vessels.
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Type 2 diabetes or Noninsulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, also called Adult-Onset Diabetes because it occurs in adults. Nowadays type 2 diabetes increasingly affects children as childhood obesity increases. Type 2 diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance or when the pancreas stops producing enough insulin.
This causes the body requires more insulin, to help glucose move into the cells. Initially the pancreas still produces insulin, but by the time after the meal, the pancreas can’t make enough insulin when blood sugar levels rise above certain level. One of which is allegedly the cause of about 50% of type 2 diabetes is obesity and lack of body activities. Therefore, one way to address type 2 diabetes is to reduce weight. Treatment or therapy should be done by type 2 diabetics same as for type 1 diabetes mellitus.
This type of diabetes occurs when woman without diabetes develops high blood sugar levels during pregnancy, because pregnant women can trigger resistance on insulin. When the pancreas can’t make enough insulin during pregnancy that woman can be affected by gestational diabetes. Excess weight can increase the likelihood of gestational diabetes or because of drastic weight gain during pregnancy.
Gestational diabetes will disappear at the time of post birth. But women who experience gestational diabetes tend to be easier to be affected by type 2 diabetes in the future. Furthermore children born from gestational diabetes mother tend to be more easily affected by type 2 diabetes as adults later on if they cannot maintain their weight.